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Glass Glossary

This is a glass glossary project by glass students. Please add your English explanations of glass terms:


abrasion (n) The technique of grinding shallow decoration with a wheel. The decorated areas are left unpolished.

adhesive (n) A substance that you use to make things, e.g. glass panes, stick together

cauterisation (n)cauterisation is a surfaces erosive technology for glass.


ball mill machine (n) A machine that is used to grind glass granules into powder. A container is filled with glass granules and ceramic balls. It is closed and set into a rotating motion. Eventually, the glass is ground into powder by the (harder) ceramic balls.

binder (n) A substance that makes things mix or stick together.

brush For the glasspainting we need a brush.

bubbling Describes an act by creating glass with a special technique. During the glass making there is a gas (air, aerator)which is blown in the fused glass, you call this procedure "bubbling". The bubbling itself is used as a backup for the refining process of the glass cast. This act is used for homogenization of the glass fluxing, to avoid striae accumulation and because of that there are optical adverse effects. (Michelle Bloch)

lead profiles (n) There is a lead rod from lead und the forms are:H,U,T


(to) cast - cast - cast; casting (n) to shape hot liquid glass (or metal) by pouring it into a mold

cavity (n) a hole or empty space inside sth solid

cold working (n) working with cold glass. Opposite of warm glass techniques.

to consist of sth to be formed of sth, e.g. The glass paste consists of ground up glass

copper it is a metal that the people know it for a long time ago.

cerium (n) Itís the finest polishing agent for polishing glass.

corundum (n) A stone used for grinding/engraving-wheels which grind/engrave glass.


diffusion colour, silver yellow Gelbbeize


edge (n)

engraving wheel A small wheel made out of corundum, silicium, sandstone or diamond. It's used to work glass and is added with a spindle at the engraving machine.

full merger At full merger pieces of glass are molten together to a glass pane.

furnace the furnace have a temperature of 580 celsius befor the glass can be burn.

to fuse to heat a substance (e.g. glass, glass powder) until it melts


granule (n) small piece of sth, e.g. glass

glass tables The glass tables are a big help for the glass painter because they give more light from the bottom side.

glass Colour The glass colour is the basic tool.

(to) grind - ground - ground

a) to break or crush sth into very small pieces between two hard surfaces, using for example a mortar and pestle or a special machine: Glass can be ground to the texture of sugar.

b) to make sth sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface.


in the grindery simple glasses ( mirror / vases ) are refineded, but we build cabines as well.


a glassblower blows the hot semifluid glass to a mode ( drinking vessel / bowl ).


half, halves (n) A mold can consist of two halves: a lower half and an upper half.

hollow glass (n) hollow glass is a drinking glass or a vase. It is hollow space in the center and around the center is glass.




kiln (n) A large oven used for fusing glass or baking clay.



a) (n): substance that flows freely and is neither solid nor gas, for example wine or water.

b) (adj): in the form of a liquid: a liquid binder

lead knife the lead knife is a tool what you need to cut the lead.


malleable (adj) If a substance can be pressed into different shapes easily without breaking, it is malleable.

(to) melt To become or make sth become liquid as a result of heating.

mold (n) A container into which you pour liquid glass which then becomes solid in the same shape as the container. In p‚te-de-verre, it can be made from plaster or silicone.



opaque (adj.) Of a substance: not clear enough to see through or allow light through. Opposite of transparent.


particle (n) Another word for granule; a very small piece of sth.

paste (n) A soft wet mixture, usually made from powder and liquid.

p‚te-de-verre (n) The French word for glass paste.

plaster (n) A white powder that is mixed with water and becomes very hard when it dries.

(to) polish To make sth smooth and shiny

powdered(adj.) Of a substance: dried or crushed and made into a powder.

pumice A material to polish the glass.

pumice (n) pumice hath a character of meal, but it is pulverized Glass. It is to polish the Glass.


" ruby " ruby is a glass who looks like a dark red jewel


sieve (n) Tool for separating larger from smaller particles, made of a net attached to a ring.

(to) sift To put fine substances (e.g. powdered glass) through a sieve.

silica (silicon dioxide), a chemical containing silicon found in sand and in rocks such as quartz, used in making glass and cement.

surface (n) The outside or top layer of sth.

soda ash (n) (Na2CO3??)is responsible for the bubbles the waterbottles

stearin oil (n) This oil is used for soldering. That oil connects lead and tin to a coherent connection by material. This comes about per chemical reaction.


texture (n) The way a surface or substance feels when you touch it, for example how rough, smooth, hard or soft it is: the soft texture of velvet

translucent (adj.) If light can pass through a substance, but the substance is not transparent, it is translucent.

transparent (adj.) Opposite of opaque. If you can see through sth, it is transparent.

triple (n) Itís the 2nd finest polishing agent for polishing glass.


Uv Ė glue A material to cleave glass with glass, stone, metal and timber. It is very strong.











(C) die jeweiligen Autoren last change: 9. Mai 2013